Fred and Jean's Travel Photos

2004 - South Dakota, page 2

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Mount Rushmore, South Dakota
Click on photo to see enlargement.
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln

Mt. Rushmore at night
mt_rushmore_night-web.jpg
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Mt. Rushmore is, of course, one of the main attractions in South Dakota and is definitely worth seeing in person. I'd also recommend the lighting ceremony that is performed every night.

To my surprise, The Black Hills are actually mountains that extend through a large portion of western South Dakota and eastern Wyoming. Because there is much to see in the area, we spent five nights at Rafter J Bar Ranch campground in Hill City, South Dakota. From there it was easy to reach Mt. Rushmore, Crazy Horse Memorial, Custer State Park, and Wind Cave National Park.

Crazy Horse Memorial
Crazy Horse Memorial - Click for enlargement.
"My land is where my dead lie buried." --Crazy Horse

Just 17 miles southwest of Mt. Rushmore is the world's largest sculpture, Crazy Horse Memorial, still in progress. At the request of Native Americans, sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski, who had worked as Gutzon Borglum's assistant carving Mt. Rushmore, began work on the Crazy Horse sculpture in 1948. After he died in 1982, his wife Ruth, and their family have continued the project with the Crazy Horse Memorial Foundation. No federal funds have ever been used; it is funded entirely by donations.

Like Mt. Rushmore, the figure is being sculpted using precision blasting with dynamite and drilling. Here is a pictorial history of the face.

Native American Cultural Center
Native American Cultural Center
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The Crazy Horse Memorial is a nonprofit cultural and educational project decicated to the Native Americans of North America. The Memorial is much more than the 563-foot high by 641-foot long sculpture on the mountain. It includes the Native American Cultural Center, the Indian Museum of North America, the sculptor's studio, a large Orientation Center and theaters.

To get an indication of the size of the sculpture alone, all four faces on Mt. Rushmore can fit into just Crazy Horse's head. Crazy Horse's outstretched arm will be almost the length of a football field, and when completed, the sculpture will be 8 feet taller than the Washington Monument.

Crazy Horse Model
Crazy Horse Model
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The photo to the right is the 1/34 model sculpture of how the monument will look when it's completed. A poem written by sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski will be carved on the mountain in three-foot high letters to the left of Crazy Horse.



Bison Herd at Custer State Park, South Dakota
Bison Herd at Custer State Park, South Dakota
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Custer State Park, located in South Dakota's Black Hills, is a gorgeous park with mile after mile of unspoiled land where the bison and the (pronghorn) antelope roam...literally! To the right is a photo of a herd of bison just before they crossed the road. Below is the herd crossing the road.

Bison Herd Crossing the Road
Bison Herd Crossing the Road
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